Clearly Define Parent Training - Part 2 - Clean Up Your ABA Parent Training Service Delivery
As mentioned in the last post, Clearly Define Parent Training - Approaches to ABA and Behavioral Health Parent Training, it is important to clarify what you are providing in your parent training services to optimize outcomes for the parent and the client. Although funders may have specific guidelines for parent training (which you should definitely consider), parent training is largely undefined in the field of applied behavior analysis.
When working with children with autism spectrum disorder, you may work with a variety of different issues and behaviors. Even within one particular client, it may be challenging to decide which goals to focus on and in what order. This is even more so the case when providing ABA parent training. ABA parent training goals can be difficult to develop in part when you are unsure of exactly the service you are providing when it comes to applied behavior analysis parent training. However, using this site and other research-supported resources, you can identify what your service will entail.
Also, remember that all ABA providers have their own style, so it’s okay to have a different style than someone else but focusing on quality and effective treatment of course is a priority.
When you are providing parent training services in applied behavior analysis, you should determine if you are providing parent support or parent-mediated intervention (PMI) or some combination of the two service delivery approaches (Bearss, et. al., 2015).
Within the service delivery approach of parent support, you might even further define your service as being more focused on care coordination or psychoeducation.
Within the service delivery approach of parent-mediated intervention, you might further define your service as being focused on interventions for skill acquisition as it relates to core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder or other presenting concerns or intervention that is focused on reduction of maladaptive behaviors (or likely a combination of these two sub-categories of the PMI approach).
See this diagram for a visual image of the types of service delivery for ABA parent training for children with autism spectrum disorder.
After exploring the various service delivery approach that you will take, consider the format of your parent training sessions. Will you be working with the parent one-on-one (just you and the parent), in a group setting (you and more than one parent), or with the parent and child interacting together while you provide education and coaching for the interaction? Some researchers report that parent training when provided in the format of coaching a parent during an interaction with a child may be the most complex (Schultz, et. al., 2011).
Other things to consider will be how you provide the information? Are you going to provide self-guided materials? Will you provide teaching on the topic presented in the materials?
At what rate will you provide your parent training sessions? Weekly, biweekly, monthly, bimonthly? Quarterly? The intensity of the parent training session may also influence the type of service delivery model that you choose to pursue.
You should also consider what would be most appropriate for your client and their family in regards to location of the ABA parent training session. The service could take place in an office, in the client’s home, in a community location, possibly in a school setting, and in any other appropriate location that you and the parent decide upon as well as what would be approved by funders. Applied behavior analysis parent training may also occur via telehealth (Wacker, et. al., 2013).
You may also want to consider the duration, or how long the parent will be participating in the training. Is the ABA parent training going to be planned to occur for 3 months? 6 months? one year? or is it an ongoing service? Maybe you will fade the frequency of service after certain objectives are met?
Knowing the service delivery approach as well as the format of your sessions will help you to clean up your ABA parent training service delivery because this will help you to have a more defined approach to the service you are providing and will also create a more goal-directed service that is more easily evaluated for continuous improvement and progress evaluation.
Bearss, K., Burrell, T. L., Stewart, L., & Scahill, L. (2015). Parent Training in Autism Spectrum Disorder: What's in a Name?. Clinical child and family psychology review, 18(2), 170-82.
Schultz TR, Schmidt CT, Sticher JP. A review of parent education programs for parents of children with autism spectrum disorders. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities. 2011;26(2):96–104. doi: 10.1177/1088357610397346. [CrossRef]
Wacker, D. P., Lee, J. F., Padilla Dalmau, Y. C., Kopelman, T. G., Lindgren, S. D., Kuhle, J., Pelzel, K. E., Dyson, S., Schieltz, K. M., … Waldron, D. B. (2012). Conducting Functional Communication Training via Telehealth to Reduce the Problem Behavior of Young Children with Autism. Journal of developmental and physical disabilities, 25(1), 35-48.